Adding Fields to Objects

Available Liferay DXP/Portal 7.4+

Fields are data definitions that represent database columns. They store different types of values for Liferay Objects. You can add fields to any published or unpublished custom Object.

When an Object is published, an initial database table is created with the draft’s data definitions. This table includes all Object fields and relationships that exist at the time of publishing. Fields and relationships added to an Object after publishing are added to a side table (i.e., [Initial_Table_Name]_x).


If a field is saved to an Object draft, you can edit any of its settings and values. However, once fields are published or saved to a published Object, only its Label can be edited. All other values and settings cannot be changed.

Fields in Object drafts can be removed. After initial publication, however, fields cannot be removed, with the exception of fields added after initial publication, because those fields were added to a side table.

Follow these steps to add a new field to an Object:

  1. Open the Objects portlet.

  2. Select the desired Object.

  3. Click on the Fields tab, and click on the Add button (Add Button).

    In the Fields tab, click on the Add button and enter the required details.

  4. Enter a Label and Field Name.

    Label: This value identifies the field in the Objects UI and can be localized after the field is created.

    Field Name: This value determines the field’s name in the back-end and uses camel case. Once a field is published, this value cannot be changed.


    The following field names are reserved by Liferay and cannot be used for custom fields: companyId, createDate, groupId, id, lastPublishDate, modifiedDate, status, statusByUserId, statusByUserName, statusDate, userId, userName. If users attempt to create a field using one of these field names, Liferay displays an error message.

  5. Select a field Type. See Field Type Reference for more information.

  6. Determine whether or not the field is Mandatory.


    Mandatory boolean fields require a true value from end users.

  7. Click on Save.

After saving fields to an Object draft, you can select them to define whether they are searchable. All fields are searchable by default.

After saving the field, determine whether or not it is searchable.

Field Types UI Reference

For Liferay DXP 7.4 U24+




Stores jpeg, jpg, pdf, and png files no larger than 100 MB


Stores true or false values


Stores date values

Decimal (previously Double)

Stores a decimal number value that supports fractional portions


Stores an integer up to 9 digits in length

Long Integer (previously Long)

Stores a large integer up to 19 digits in length

Long Text (previously Clob)

Stores a text box value that supports up to 65,000 characters; when configuring this field type, you can limit the number of characters allowed


Stores a Picklist string value

Precision Decimal (previously BigDecimal)

Stores a high-precision decimal number without rounding


Stores the numeric ID for all related Object entries

Rich Text

Stores text with advanced formatting tools and media elements (e.g., images, videos, audio)

Text (previously String)

Stores simple text values up to 280 characters; when configuring this field type, you can limit the number of characters allowed