Documentation

Countries API Basics

Available Liferay 7.4 U24+ and GA24+

Use Liferay’s Rest APIs to create and manage countries.

Adding a Country

Start a new Liferay DXP instance by running

docker run -it -m 8g -p 8080:8080 liferay/dxp:7.4.13-u29

Sign in to Liferay at http://localhost:8080 using the email address test@liferay.com and the password test. When prompted, change the password to learn.

Then, follow these steps:

  1. Download and unzip Countries API Basics.

    curl https://learn.liferay.com/dxp/latest/en/users-and-permissions/developer-guide/liferay-g6m8.zip -O
    
    unzip liferay-g6m8.zip
    
  2. Use the cURL script to add a new country to your instance. On the command line, navigate to the curl folder. Execute the Country_POST_ToInstance.sh script.

    ./Country_POST_ToInstance.sh
    

    The JSON response shows a new country has been added:

    "a2" : "AB",
    "a3" : "ABL",
    "active" : true,
    "billingAllowed" : true,
    "groupFilterEnabled" : false,
    "id" : 43501,
    "name" : "Foo",
    "number" : 1234,
    "position" : 0.0,
    "regions" : [ ],
    "shippingAllowed" : true,
    "subjectToVAT" : false,
    "title_i18n" : { },
    "zipRequired" : true
    
  3. The REST service can also be called using the Java client. Navigate out of the curl folder and into the java folder. Compile the source files like this:

    javac -classpath .:* *.java
    
  4. Run the Country_POST_ToInstance.java class:

    java -classpath .:* Country_POST_ToInstance
    

Examine the cURL Command

The Country_POST_ToInstance.sh script calls the REST service with a cURL command.

curl \
	-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
	-X POST \
	"http://localhost:8080/o/headless-admin-address/v1.0/countries" \
	-d "{\"a2\": \"AB\", \"a3\": \"ABL\", \"name\": \"Foo\", \"number\": \"1234\"}" \
	-u "[email protected]:learn"

Here are the command’s arguments:

Arguments

Description

-H "Content-Type: application/json"

Indicates that the request body format is JSON.

-X POST

The HTTP method to invoke at the specified endpoint

"http://localhost:8080/o/headless-admin-address/v1.0/countries"

The REST service endpoint

-d "{\"a2\": \"AB\", \"a3\": \"ABL\", \"name\": \"Foo\", \"number\": \"1234\"}"

The data you are requesting to post

-u "test@liferay.com:learn"

Basic authentication credentials

Note

Basic authentication is used here for demonstration purposes. For production, you should authorize users via OAuth2.

The other cURL commands use similar JSON arguments.

Examine the Java Class

The Country_POST_ToInstance.java class adds a country by calling the Country-related service.

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
	CountryResource.Builder builder = CountryResource.builder();

	CountryResource countryResource = builder.authentication(
		"[email protected]", "learn"
	).build();

	Country country = countryResource.postCountry(
		new Country() {
			{
				a2 = "AB";
				a3 = "ABL";
				name = "Foo";
				number = 1234;
			}
		});

	System.out.println(country);
}

This class invokes the REST service using only three lines of code:

Line (abbreviated)

Description

CountryResource.Builder builder = ...

Gets a Builder for generating an CountryResource service instance.

CountryResource countryResource = builder.authentication(...).build();

Specifies basic authentication and generates a CountryResource service instance.

Country country = countryResource.postCountry(...);

Calls the countryResource.postCountry method and passes the data to post.

Note that the project includes the com.liferay.headless.admin.address.client.jar file as a dependency. You can find client JAR dependency information for all REST applications in the API explorer in your installation at /o/api.

Note

The main method’s comment demonstrates running the class.

The other example Java classes are similar to this one, but call different CountryResource methods.

Important

See CountryResource for service details.

Below are examples of calling other Country REST services using cURL and Java.

Get Countries from Instance

You can list countries by executing the following cURL or Java command.

Countries_GET_FromInstance.sh

Command:

./Countries_GET_FromInstance.sh

Code:

curl \
	"http://localhost:8080/o/headless-admin-address/v1.0/countries" \
	-u "[email protected]:learn"

Countries_GET_FromInstance.java

Command:

java -classpath .:* Countries_GET_FromInstance

Code:

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
	CountryResource.Builder builder = CountryResource.builder();

	CountryResource countryResource = builder.authentication(
		"[email protected]", "learn"
	).build();

	Page<Country> page = countryResource.getCountriesPage(
		null, null, Pagination.of(1, 2), null);

	System.out.println(page);
}

The Instance’s Country objects appear in JSON.

Get a Country

Get a specific country with the following cURL or Java command.

Tip

Use Countries_GET_FromInstance.[java|sh] to get instance Country IDs.

Country_GET_ById.sh

Command:

./Country_GET_ById.sh 1234

Code:

curl \
	"http://localhost:8080/o/headless-admin-address/v1.0/countries/${1}" \
	-u "[email protected]:learn"

Country_GET_ById.java

Command:

java -classpath .:* -DcountryId=1234 Country_GET_ById

Code:

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
	CountryResource.Builder builder = CountryResource.builder();

	CountryResource countryResource = builder.authentication(
		"[email protected]", "learn"
	).build();

	System.out.println(
		countryResource.getCountry(
			Long.valueOf(System.getProperty("countryId"))));
}

The Country fields appear in JSON.

Patch a Country

Do a partial edit of an existing country with the following cURL and Java commands. Replace 1234 with your country’s ID.

Country_PATCH_ById.sh

Command:

./Country_PATCH_ById.sh 1234

Code:

curl \
	-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
	-X PATCH \
	"http://localhost:8080/o/headless-admin-address/v1.0/countries/${1}" \
	-d "{\"name\": \"Bar\"}" \
	-u "[email protected]:learn"

Country_PATCH_ById.java

Command:

java -classpath .:* -DcountryId=1234 Country_PATCH_ById

Code:

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
	CountryResource.Builder builder = CountryResource.builder();

	CountryResource countryResource = builder.authentication(
		"[email protected]", "learn"
	).build();

	Country country = countryResource.patchCountry(
		Long.valueOf(System.getProperty("countryId")),
		new Country() {
			{
				name = "Bar";
			}
		});

	System.out.println(country);
}

Put a Country

Completely overwrite an existing country with the following cURL and Java commands. Replace 1234 with your country’s ID.

Country_PUT_ById.sh

Command:

./Country_PUT_ById.sh 1234

Code:

curl \
	-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
	-X PUT \
	"http://localhost:8080/o/headless-admin-address/v1.0/countries/${1}" \
	-d "{\"a2\": \"AB\", \"a3\": \"ABL\", \"name\": \"Goo\", \"number\": \"1234\"}" \
	-u "[email protected]:learn"

Country_PUT_ById.java

Command:

java -classpath .:* -DcountryId=1234 Country_PUT_ById

Code:

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
	CountryResource.Builder builder = CountryResource.builder();

	CountryResource countryResource = builder.authentication(
		"[email protected]", "learn"
	).build();

	Country country = countryResource.putCountry(
		Long.valueOf(System.getProperty("countryId")),
		new Country() {
			{
				a2 = "AB";
				a3 = "ABL";
				name = "Goo";
				number = 1234;
			}
		});

	System.out.println(country);
}

Delete a Country

Delete an existing country with the following cURL and Java commands. Replace 1234 with your country’s ID.

Country_DELETE_ById.sh

Command:

./Country_DELETE_ById.sh 1234

Code:

curl \
	-X DELETE \
	"http://localhost:8080/o/headless-admin-address/v1.0/countries/${1}" \
	-u "[email protected]:learn"

Country_DELETE_ById.java

Command

java -classpath .:* -DcountryId=1234 Country_DELETE_ById

Code:

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
	CountryResource.Builder builder = CountryResource.builder();

	CountryResource countryResource = builder.authentication(
		"[email protected]", "learn"
	).build();

	countryResource.deleteCountry(
		Long.valueOf(System.getProperty("countryId")));
}

The API Explorer shows all of the Country services and schemas and has an interface to try out each service.