By default, Liferay DXP uses the Sign In widget to authenticate users.
The Sign In widget appears on the default home page at
http[s]://[server-name:port]/web/guest/home. If the Sign In widget is unavailable on any page, it can be accessed directly via its URL:
You can configure other methods of authenticating users and/or applications:
Authentication Verifiers can manage authentication for remote applications, and Authentication Pipelines define the ways users are validated by one or several systems.
Users can be configured to log in using one of three authentication types:
|Authentication Type||Description||Used by Default?|
|Screen Name||Determined by administrator or user at account creation||No|
|Email Address||Determined by administrator or user at account creation||Yes|
|User ID||Automatically generated when the account is created||No|
Only one authentication type can be used at a time.
Regardless of the authentication type, users must always enter a password. You can create Password Policies to define password length, password format, expiration periods, and more.
Authentication Type can be configured through the Control Panel or a properties file.
Configuring Authentication Type Through the Control Panel
Navigate to the Control Panel
Click on Configuration → Instance Settings → Platform → User Authentication
Choose an option under the How do users authenticate? selector.
Configuring Authentication Type Using Properties
To use the
portal-ext.properties file, paste in the below properties and uncomment the desired authentication type:
company.security.auth.type=emailAddress #company.security.auth.type=screenName #company.security.auth.type=userId
Using and Configuring the Sign In Widget
The Sign In widget calls the various mechanisms (the portal database, an LDAP server, a SAML identity provider, or any of the ways users can authenticate) that authenticate users. Its behavior can be configured and customized in several ways.
Disabling Guest Account Creation
To prevent guest users from creating new user accounts:
Navigate to the Control Panel → Configuration → Instance Settings → Platform → User Authentication.
Un-check Allow strangers to create accounts?.
Preventing Password Resets
If users should not be able to reset their own passwords, you can configure this from the same screen:
- Navigate to the Control Panel → Configuration → Instance Settings → Platform → User Authentication.
- Uncheck Allow users to request password reset links?.
- Click Save.
Configuring CAPTCHA or reCAPTCHA
Prevent bots from creating and logging into accounts by enabling CAPTCHA or reCAPTCHA:
Navigate to the Control Panel → Configuration → System Settings → Security Tools → CAPTCHA.note
By default, Create Account CAPTCHA and Send Password CAPTCHA are enabled. If necessary, enable Message Boards CAPTCHA.
Choose a CAPTCHA engine. By default, Simple CAPTCHA is enabled. You can also select Google’s reCAPTCHA, which requires you configure the external service separately. If you select reCAPTCHA, supply your public and private key from Google.
The other options allow developers to customize the Simple CAPTCHA engine.
Click Save when finished.