JVM Configuration

JVM Configuration

Liferay DXP/Portal requires a Java JDK 8 or 11 and requires specific JVM option settings. There are also recommended settings specific to JDK 11 and recommended baseline memory settings. Here you’ll learn about all of these settings and see them demonstrated in an example Tomcat script.

Type Setting/Default Required Description
File Encoding -Dfile.encoding=UTF8 Yes DXP requires UTF-8 file encoding to support internationalization.
Timezone -Duser.timezone=GMT Yes DXP uses the GMT timezone for all dates.
Four-digit Years -Djava.locale.providers=JRE,COMPAT,CLDR No On JDK 11, this setting displays four-digit years. Since JDK 9, the Unicode Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR) is the default locales provider. CLDR does not provide years in a four-digit format (see LPS-87191). This setting works around the issue by using JDK 8’s default locales provider.
Heap Size -Xms2560m -Xmx2560m No The default minimum and maximum size can be adjusted to suit your needs, but you should set the same minimum (-Xms) and maximum (-Xmx) size to prevent the JVM from making dynamic adjustments.
Log4j -Dlog4j2.formatMsgNoLookups=true Yes* Log4j versions prior to 2.15.0 are subject to a remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability via the LDAP JNDI parser. See LPS-143663 for details. *Liferay DXP 7.4 GA1 and Liferay PORTAL 7.4 GA1 - GA3 require this setting to resolve the security vulnerability.

The Liferay installation articles for supported application servers explain where to apply these settings. Here are the article links:

Known Issue: Illegal Access Warnings

On JDK 11, Illegal Access warnings like these may print to your logs:

WARNING: An illegal reflective access operation has occurred
WARNING: Illegal reflective access by com.liferay.petra.reflect.ReflectionUtil (file:/Users/malei/dev/project/bundles/master-bundles/tomcat-9.0.10/lib/ext/com.liferay.petra.reflect.jar) to field java.lang.reflect.Field.modifiers
WARNING: Please consider reporting this to the maintainers of com.liferay.petra.reflect.ReflectionUtil
WARNING: Use --illegal-access=warn to enable warnings of further illegal reflective access operations
WARNING: All illegal access operations will be denied in a future release

These warnings are caused by a known issue (LPS-87421) and can be resolved by adding these JVM options:


Example Tomcat Script

Here is a Tomcat setenv.sh script that demonstrates some of the JVM options mentioned above:

CATALINA_OPTS="$CATALINA_OPTS -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 -Djava.locale.providers=JRE,COMPAT,CLDR -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Duser.timezone=GMT -Xms2560m -Xmx2560m -XX:MaxNewSize=1536m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=768m -XX:MetaspaceSize=768m -XX:NewSize=1536m -XX:SurvivorRatio=7"
CATALINA_OPTS="$CATALINA_OPTS --add-opens=java.base/java.io=ALL-UNNAMED"
CATALINA_OPTS="$CATALINA_OPTS --add-opens=java.base/java.lang.reflect=ALL-UNNAMED"

Note that Liferay supports many application servers, and all of them can be configured with the JVM options of your choosing.