## Documentation

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# Creating SKUs for Product Variants¶

With Liferay Commerce, you can add multiple SKUs to a Product to represent Product variants. To do this, the Product must have at least one Option with SKU Contributor enabled. You can then manually or automatically create multiple active SKUs for a Product using the Option’s defined values. Once created, each SKU represents a purchasable version of the Product that’s displayed in the Product Details widget.

Note

Without Product Options, only one SKU can be active for a Product at a time.

Tip

It’s highly recommended that Product Option values are finalized before using them to create SKUs. See Using Product Options <./using-product-options.md>_ for more information.

## Automatically Generating Multiple SKUs¶

Follow these steps to generate and activate multiple SKUs for a Product:

1. Open the Global Menu (), click on the Commerce tab, and go to Products.

2. Click on a Product that has at least one Option with SKU Contributor enabled, and go to the SKUs tab.

3. Click the Add button (), and select Generate All SKU Combinations.

SKUs are automatically generated for each Option value. These SKUs use the value’s name and are created without Base Price or inventory. To configure an SKU, click its Actions button (), and select Edit. See SKU Fields Reference for more information.

4. When finished, click on Publish.

Important

Each product in the inventory must be associated to at least one SKU.

## Manually Adding an SKU to a Product¶

Follow these steps to manually create a Product SKU for individual Option values:

Important

While SKU Contributor is enabled, each manually created SKU must be mapped to an Option value.

1. Open the Global Menu (), click on the Commerce tab, and go to Products.

2. Click on a Product that has at least one Option with SKU Contributor enabled, and go to the SKUs tab.

3. Click the Add button (), and select Add SKU.

4. Configure the SKU fields. See SKU Fields Reference for more information.

5. When finished, click on Publish.

## Adding SKU Inventory¶

If Allow Back Orders is enabled for the Product, all published SKUs with a set base price are immediately available to Customers for purchase in the Product Details widget. However, if Allow Back Orders is disabled, you must first add inventory to the SKUs to make them available for purchase. See Introduction to Managing Inventory for more information.

Note

If all SKU inventory is 0 and Allow Back Orders is disabled, then none of the Product variants are listed in the Product Details widget. However, if only one SKU reaches 0, then all variants are listed.

If Allow Back Orders is enabled, then all Options are listed in the Product Details widget, regardless of inventory.

## SKU Fields Reference¶

### Details¶

Field

Description

SKU (Required)

Enter an SKU for the Product variant

[Option Field] (Required)

Used to map the SKU to an Option value when SKU Contributor is enabled

Purchaseable

Determines whether the SKU can be purchased

Global Trade Item Number

Sets a GTIN for the SKU

Manufacturer Part Number

Sets an MPN for the SKU

UNSPSC

Sets a United Nations Standard Products and Services Code for the SKU

### Pricing¶

Field

Description

Base Price

Sets a Base Price entry for the SKU

Sale Price

Sets a sale price for the SKU’s Base Price entry

Cost

Sets the SKU cost used for net calculations

### Shipping Override¶

These fields override Product-level specifications for individual SKUs and are used for shipping.

Field

Description

Width

Overrides Product width

Height

Overrides Product height

Depth

Overrides Product depth

Weight

Overrides Product weight

### Schedule¶

Field

Description

Published

Makes the SKU visible and available for purchase

Display Date

Determines when the SKU is first displayed in Site for purchase.

Expiration Date

Determines when the SKU is no longer available for purchase

Never Expire

Determines whether the SKU can be scheduled to automatically expire